CPSC is an important consumer rights protection agency in the United States. It is the abbreviation of Consumer Product Safety Committee, which is the Consumer Product Safety Association. The US Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) was established in 1972. Its responsibility is to protect the interests of consumers and to maintain personal and family safety by reducing the risk of injury and death from consumer products. The main function of CPSC is to formulate standards for self-regulation of producers, and for consumer products that do not have standards to follow, formulate mandatory standards or bans. Perform inspections on potentially dangerous products and provide feedback to consumers through various channels including the media, states, local governments, and individual group organizations. CPSC is now responsible for the security monitoring of more than 15,000 consumer products.
1. Establish uniform and mandatory national standards throughout the United States.
2. Further regulate leaded toys
3. Add a traceability label to the toy.
4. Turn voluntary standard ASTM F963 into a mandatory standard.
5. Mandatory third test on certain children's products n Control of 6 phthalates in toys
Test item details
The CPSIA regulations are divided into two parts. The first part deals with "children's product safety" and the second part deals with "the reform of the Consumer Product Safety Commission."
Article 101. Leaded children's products; lead paint standards
Article 102. Mandatory third-party testing of certain children's products
Article 103. Tracking labels for children's products
Article 104. Durable Infant Product Standards and Consumer Registration
Section 105. Advertising Label Requirements for Toys and Games
Section 106. Mandatory Toy Safety Standards
Section 107. Study of preventable casualties related to consumer products for minority children
Section 108. Prohibition of sale of products containing specific phthalates
CPSIA amends phthalate content as follows:
(a) Children's toys or childcare products must not contain more than 0.1% of the following phthalates
DEHP di- (2-ethylhexl) phthalates
DBP dibutyl phthalates
BBP benzyl butyl phthalates
(b) Toys or childcare products that can be placed in a child's mouth must not contain more than 0.1% of the following phthalates
Diisononyl phthalates DINPdiisononyl phthalates
DPENPdi-n-pentyl phthalates (generally call as DnPP)
DHEXP di-n-hexyl phthalates (generally call as DnHP)
DCHP dicyclohexyl phthalates
DIBP diisobutyl phthalates
The rule (b) is based on the recommendations of the Chronic Hazard Advisory Group (CHAP), which reviews the health effects of phthalates in children's toys and childcare products. According to the CHAP report, most of the CPSC found that these five phthalate chemicals are harmful to male reproductive development.
The final rule brought the total number of phthalates restricted to use in children's toys and childcare products to eight, with a concentration not exceeding 0.1%.
Testing and certification
CPSC is responsible for the certification of various products sold in the market, this certification is also known as CPSC certification.
CPSC's existing catalog manages 15,000 different products. CPSC rules are a way to collect product safety data, remind customers of the danger of products, and reduce hazards. CPSC rules are used to deal with electronic oscillations, fires, and other safety hazards. CPSC rules also apply to products that are caught in a lawsuit and fail to implement safety guidelines that cause injury or death. Manufacturers, importers, distributors, and retailers must report in writing on products that have been detected as unsafe, and only products with a safety mark are allowed to enter the market.
Require Security Certificate
Importers and manufacturers must comply with certificates of compliance provided by CPSIA's distributors and retailers. These certificates indicate that the product has been properly tested and meets the requirements of CPSIA. Without these certificates, it is likely that they will be rejected when they reach the store and the product is shipped, so there are some built-in compliance checks in the new behavior.